Disease-highlights

Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology: Published: September, 2023Melasma is a chronic pigmentary disorder with a complex and multifactorial etiology. In this manuscript, the authors present a set of consensus-based recommendations and provide a comprehensive overview of how to manage melasma in daily clinical practice. TAKE-HOME MESS...
Diabetes Care Journal (ADA): August, 2023Early identification of patients with type 2 diabetes who are at risk of kidney disease progression is particularly important in the context of new glucose-lowering medications such as sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor (Dapagliflozin, Canagliflozin, Empagliflozin, Ertugliflozin) that can m...
American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology: Published: April, 2023Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDPs) are major causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and are associated with future maternal risk of cardiovascular disease.Most existing data on hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and short-term cardiovascular disease risks are limited t...
The Journal of Dermatology:Luliconazole Cream, 1% is an azole antifungal indicated for the topical treatment of interdigital tinea pedis, tinea cruris, and tinea corporis caused by the organisms Trichophyton rubrum and Epidermophyton floccosum.TAKE HOME MESSAGES: Authors evaluated the efficacy and safety of luliconazole cream 1% in the treatmen...
Biliary colic is a common presentation of a stone in the cystic duct or common bile duct of the biliary tree. Colic refers to the type of pain that "comes and goes," typically after eating a large, fatty meal which causes contraction of the gallbladder. However, the pain is usually constant and not colicky.History and Physical Examinations...
Published on PubMed: October, 2022Endometriosis is a benign chronic inflammatory disease defined as the presence of endometrium outside of the uterine cavity. The disease affects 10% of women in reproductive age; it is mainly characterized by dysmenorrhea and infertility, affecting the quality of lifeDysmenorrhea, chronic pelvic pain, dyschezi...
This virus has been on the rise in India, especially in West Bengal. A new strain of Adenovirus has led to thousands of hospitalizations in India, with at least 40 children dying from the viral disease in the West Bengal state alone. Children with low immunity during seasonal flu or those who usually suffer from respiratory infections througho...
Importance:  Tinea Unguium (Onychomycosis) is most often caused by Trichophyton rubrum and T. interdigitale. It should be distinguished from other causes of onychomycosis: Candida species, which often cause paronychia, infection of skin around the nail.  Clinical features: Tinea unguium is increasingly prevalent with increas...
PubMed Central: BMJ Clinical EvidenceSeborrhoeic dermatitis affects at least 3% to 10% of the population and causes red patches with greasy scales on the face, chest, skin flexures, and scalp.The cause of seborrhoeic dermatitis is unknown. Malassezia yeast species are thought to have an important role.The inflammatory process may be mediated i...
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Published April 2022 Dental caries is the most common global oral health concern and is remarkably prevalent in children. Early childhood caries (ECC) is a prevailing chronic condition affecting the primary dentition, resulting in partial or gross destruction of the teeth.TAKE-HOME MESSAGEIn this...
PubMed Central: Published on January, 2021Subchorionic hematoma (SCH) refers to a collection of blood between the chorionic membrane and the uterine wall as caused by the separation of the chorion from the endometrium. It is the most common sonographic abnormality in pregnant women with symptoms of threatened miscarriage and the most common cau...
Journal of Endodontics: Published on February, 2023TAKE-HOME MESSAGEThis systematic review of 38 studies and meta-analysis of 31 studies reported that, among patients with maxillary sinusitis, the overall prevalence rate of maxillary sinusitis of odontogenic origin (MSOO) was 51% per sinus and 50% per patient. The following dental conditions sh...