Practice-updates

Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: Published November 2023Dry eye disease has public health and economic significance. Platelet-rich plasma is rich in anti-inflammatory agents and growth factors, both beneficial for ocular surface repair. This study aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the benefits of platelet-rich plas...
Oral Diseases Journal: September. 2023This study was aimed to evaluate the safety and benefit of short-term application of hydroxychloroquine in the management of atrophic/erosive/ulcerative oral lichen planus (OLP).TAKE-HOME MESSAGEIn this study, after 4 weeks of treatment, the systemic use of hydroxychloroquine and the topical use of dexameth...
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association: October, 2023Cefepime and piperacillin-tazobactam are commonly administered to hospitalized adults for empirical treatment of infection. Although piperacillin-tazobactam has been hypothesized to cause acute kidney injury and cefepime has been hypothesized to cause neurological dysfunction,...
The prevalence of superficial fungal infections across the globe is increasing from 20-25%. Superficial infections are mostly caused by dermatophytes. Depending on the site affected, the dermatophytes are clinically classified as Tinea capitis (head), Tinea faciei (face), Tinea barbae (beard), Tinea manus (hand), Tinea corporis (body), Tinea c...
BMJ Open: Published, October, 2023This study aimed to investigate the potential association between PPI use and kidney stones by analysing National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data from 2007 to 2018. TAKE-HOME MESSAGEThe authors of this large US-based cross-sectional study found that proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) use was asso...
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical AssociationThe authors investigated different oral antifungal medications used to treat toenail fungal infections.TAKE-HOME MESSAGECompared with placebo, high-quality evidence supports better clinical (ie, normal appearance of the toenail) and mycological (negative culture, microscopy, or both) results...
There has been a significant increase in the incidence of chronic, relapsing, recurrent cases of superficial dermatophytosis in India that are also often unresponsive to conventional drugs and doses of recommended antifungal treatment. Almost 15– 20% of the outpatient department cases are those of chronic dermatophytosis. Recurrences and relaps...
Dengue fever has been a significant public health issue in Bangladesh over the years. Our country has experienced periodic outbreaks of dengue, particularly during the monsoon season when the mosquito population increases. The dengue outbreak in Bangladesh has taken a worrisome turn as the number of cases and fatalities continues to rise, sign...
International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology: Published 2021Abnormal uterine bleeding is defined as any type of bleeding that is abnormal in volume, frequency, duration and periodicity. Frequent complaints include heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding with or without pain, passage of clots, fatigue and lethargy. AUB is...
PubMed Central: November, 2022Tinea versicolor is a common superficial fungal infection of the skin with various clinical manifestations. This review aims to familiarize physicians with the clinical features, diagnosis and management of tinea versicolor.Tinea versicolor is caused by Malassezia species, notably M. globosa, M....
Infection and Drug Resistance Journal:Tinea is superficial fungal infections typically caused by dermatophytes.Superficial fungal infections are widespread, with an estimated worldwide prevalence of 20%–25%, and include tinea pedis (athlete’s foot), tinea cruris (jock itch), and tinea corporis (ringworm), among othersTopical allylamine (terbinaf...
ADA Journal: Diabetes Care: July, 2023Diabetes can be diagnosed by demonstrating increased concentrations of glucose in venous plasma or increased hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in the blood. Glycemic control is monitored by the people with diabetes measuring their own blood glucose with meters and/or with continuous interstitial glucose monitorin...